Brown University, May 31–June 2, 2016
Providence, RI
Bridging The Future
of Arctic Social Science Research

Brown University (Providence, RI) Workshop: Arctic Social Sciences in the 21st Century: Integrating Interdisciplinary Natural/Social Scientific Research for Policy Development. [May 31-June 2]

This workshop will bring together researchers working on multidisciplinary natural/social science projects addressing issues of contemporary change in the North with social scientists focused on policy development at a global scale. This focus draws on the expertise of Brown University’s Watson Center for International Studies (http://watson.brown.edu ), the Institute at Brown for Environment and Society (IBES, http://www.brown.edu/academics/institute-environment-society/about), and the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology’s (http://www.brown.edu/haffenreffer) six-decade engagement with northern people and northern heritage. We hope to encourage connections and deeper exploration of the integration of broad-based social and natural scientific research in policy development and implementation, as well as the degrees to which policy development and forecasting should lead to the prioritization of research funding or be independent from it. As Arctic Horizons’ only East Coast venue, we expect to draw largely from eastern North America, with a small number of international participants from the North Atlantic region and Canada.

Participants
Douglas Anderson
Emeritus Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Laboratory for Circumpolar Studies, Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University

In 1960, Anderson graduated in Anthropology (major) and Geology (minor) from the University of Washington before going to Brown University as the first graduate student in the field of anthropology there, with a focus in Arctic anthropology. After his MA in 1962, he spent a Fulbright year in Denmark studying Arctic collections at the Nationalmuseet and excavating in Godthaab Fjord, Greenland. He then attended the University of Pennsylvania, where he received his Ph.D. 1967. He began teaching at Brown University in 1965, and in 1973 developed the department's Laboratory for Circumpolar Studies, located at the university's Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, in Bristol, Rhode Island. In the 1970s, he expanded his research interests to include Southeast Asia, with a focus on Pleistocene and Early-Middle Holocene archaeology. His research interests include the archaeology and ethnology of northern peoples, with multiple field projects in northwestern Alaska, and the early archaeology of Southeast Asia, with field projects in cave and rockshelter sites along the Andaman Sea coast of Thailand.

Douglas Bolender
Research Assistant Professor, Andrew Fiske Memorial Center for Archaeological Research and Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts–Boston

Douglas Bolender received his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Northwestern University in 2006. Bolender’s research interests focus on the Viking Age and medieval North Atlantic, the archaeology of property, environmental archaeology, and geographic information systems and spatial analysis. His scholarly work includes the edited volume, Eventful Archaeologies: Approaches to Structural Change in the Archaeological Record, published by the State University of New York Press in 2010. He is co-director of the Skagafjörður Church and Settlement Survey in Iceland.

Emily Button Kambic
Affiliation: Research Associate, Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University

Emily Button Kambic, local coordinator for the Providence Arctic Horizons workshop, received her Ph.D. in anthropology from Brown University in 2015. Her research focuses on community change and adaptation in nineteenth century indigenous whaling communities, touching on themes of environmental and economic change, labor and gender, and the legal and social impacts of racialization. Her northern field experience includes archaeological projects in southwestern and northern Alaska and Iceland, and she has published on the cultural biographies of Arctic artifacts in American museum collections in Historical Archaeology. Her dissertation research focused on the growth of Native American and African American community networks in the whaling port of Sag Harbor, NY, and became a source of opportunities to work with contemporary descendant communities on public history and heritage preservation projects. In the future, she will continue to pursue her interests these collaboration, community engagement, and cultural heritage in work with the National Park Service.

Kris Bovy
Associate Professor of Anthropology, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Rhode Island

Kris Bovy is a zooarchaeologist, specializing in the analysis of bird remains. The focus of her research is on the history of human and animal interactions in marine settings. Kris has conducted analysis and fieldwork in a wide variety of settings throughout North America, but specializes in the analysis of bird bones from shell midden sites in the Pacific Northwest Coast. She is particularly interested in how zooarchaeology can help address contemporary environmental and biological conservation issues. Bovy is currently finishing a collaborative NSF grant, funded by the Arctic Social Science Program, focused on animal and human response to abrupt environmental change (such as tectonic events) from Tse-whit- zen, a 3,000-year- old village site located on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State. The study will provide models, methods and results of direct relevance to scholars working on Arctic systems and processes, given the parallels and direct linkages between the Northwest Coast and areas to the north. In both regions, boat-mobile foragers with maritime subsistence strategies have adapted to complex, dynamic coastlines affected periodically by coseismic impacts and climate change. In addition, many of the bird species Bovy studies are also abundant farther north (and indeed migrate between the two regions).

Mark Brzezinski
Executive Director, U.S. Arctic Executive Steering Committee

Former United States Ambassador to Sweden Mark Brzezinski serves as Executive Director of the U.S. Government's Arctic Executive Steering Committee. On January 21st, 2015, in recognition of the unique challenges and opportunities presented by the Arctic, President Obama issued an Executive Order to enhance coordination of national efforts in the Arctic. The Executive Order creates expanded opportunities for Alaskans and those in the Federal government to work on Arctic issues and establishes a clear structure to improve the coordination of Federal Arctic activity. An Arctic Executive Steering Committee (AESC) was established to oversee implementation of the National Strategy for the Arctic Region (https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2015/03/27/white-house-releases-implementation-report-national-strategy-arctic). The AESC convenes at the Deputy Secretary level to guide the development of department and agency plans to assure that Federal activity is well-coordinated and better communicated to partners such as the State of Alaska, Alaska Native communities, the U.S. Congress, the business community, international partners, and other stakeholders. Dr. John Holdren, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, serves as the AESC Chair. As U.S. Ambassador to Sweden between 2011-2015, Mark worked closely with the Swedish Government during its Chairmanship of the Arctic Council. The U.S. is one of eight member nations of the Arctic Council, and currently is the Council's Chair. In May 2013, Mark joined the U.S. Delegation led by Secretary of State John Kerry to the Arctic Council Ministerial in Kiruna, Sweden, above the Arctic Circle. At that ministerial, key agreements involving Arctic search and rescue, oil spill preparedness and cleanup, and inclusion of non-Arctic nations as Arctic Council observers were advanced. In September 2013, Mark welcomed President Barack Obama to Stockholm for a historic, first ever visit by a sitting U.S. President to Sweden's capital. In Stockholm, President Obama and all five heads of government of the Nordic countries met together to discuss a shared approach to climate change and the future of the Arctic among other issues. Mark made the Arctic a central focus of his tenure in Sweden. Speaking in February 2015 at Dartmouth College where he gave the Montgomery Fellowship lecture on the Arctic, Mark noted that "the Arctic is simultaneously a strategic problem and a human problem." At the U.S. Embassy, he developed new partnerships with government and diplomats, business, media and entertainment, and the environmental and NGO community to consider the link between what is happening in the Arctic and what is happening in the rest of the world. He used new communications and social-media tools to share how the looming crisis confronting the Arctic is a tangible preview of the crisis confronting the world as a whole. Mark initiated and helped develop the new U.S. Fulbright Scholarship devoted to the study of the future of the Arctic. The new Arctic Fulbright, funded by the State Department, is a unique two-year program composed of researchers selected from the eight Arctic Council countries. Mark served on the National Security Council staff under President Clinton between 1999-2001, first as Director for Russia and Eurasia, then as Director for the Balkans. He received his undergraduate degree at Dartmouth College, his law degree at the University of Virginia Law School and has Doctorate in political science from Oxford University. He was a Fulbright Scholar in Warsaw, Poland between 1991-1993. He was a partner at a Washington, DC law firm before joining the Obama Administration, and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Peter Collings
Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Florida

Peter Collings’ research focuses on the Canadian Arctic and revolves around two central themes. Research in the area of human development addresses Inuit conceptions of aging and well-being in the contemporary north, looking specifically at the influence of historical time, social change, and economic success on different age cohorts, on the structure of the Inuit life course, and on Inuit conceptions of successful aging. He also studies contemporary human-environment relationships, with research that addresses the economics of contemporary hunting, the influence of externally imposed regulations on foraging activities, change and continuity in food sharing practices within the context of climate change, and, most recently, the relationships between food insecurity and health and mental health. The majority of his research has taken place in Ulukhaktok, a settlement of 400 Inuit in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the NWT, Canada.

George Hambrecht
Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of Maryland, College Park

George Hambrecht’s specialization is zooarchaeology, with a focus on historical archaeology. He is also currently involved in a number of medieval era projects as well. His main area of research is Iceland and the sub-arctic, as well as the arctic North Atlantic. His second developing area of research is in the Leeward Islands, specifically the islands of Antigua and Barbuda. Dr. Hambrecht’s main theoretical concerns center on interactions between the political, environmental, and biological dimensions of the transformative processes of the early modern period (global culture contact, voluntary and forced migration, pandemic disease, translocation of species, mechanisms of subordination and dominance, commoditization, market vs. subsistence production) and in the comparative political ecology of different colonial situations. Dr. Hambrecht is on the steering committee of an NSF CNH/SEES (Coupled Natural and Human Systems Program/Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability Program) Research Coordination Network grant (RCN Grant #1140106). The objective of this grant, Global Long-term Human Ecodynamics Research Coordination Network: Assessing Sustainability on the Millennial Scale, is to build collaborative research networks in order to identify conditions that allow people to develop sustainable relationships with the environment over the millennial scale. He is also Co-PI on a recently awarded NSF Arctic Social Sciences grant, Comparative Island Ecodynamics, (OPP ARC Grant #1202692) whose purpose is to improve scientific understanding of the complex interactions of human governance, climate change, human environmental impact, and world system effects on the diverging fates of two closely related Scandinavian communities in Greenland and Iceland.

Karen Hébert
Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology and School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University

Karen Hébert’s research examines changing natural resource economies and struggles over sustainability in the circumpolar North. Trained as a cultural anthropologist, she has conducted long-term ethnographic fieldwork in Alaska, mostly in the subarctic Bristol Bay region of southwest Alaska. Her early research focused on transformations in the Alaska salmon industry, the subject of her forthcoming book to be published with Yale University Press in 2017. In recent years, she has led a collaborative and comparative research project in Bristol Bay and Southeast Alaska that explores how the experience of living in an environment “at risk” shapes livelihoods, social relationships, and resource development debates. Her work in the subarctic informs her scholarship and teaching on environmental politics and political economies, contributing to interdisciplinary conversations across cultural anthropology, human geography, political ecology, environmental studies, and science studies. Currently an assistant professor at Yale, she will join the faculty of the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario, in July. At the workshop, she hopes to focus on how best to foster critical social science scholarship that is also responsive to the interests and needs of Arctic communities.

Lene Kielsen Holm
Research Scientist and Project Leader, Greenland Climate Research Centre

Lene Kielsen Holm works for the Greenland Climate Research Centre and Climate and Society group, as Research Scientist and Project Leader. Ms. Holm has been involved in several international projects in relation to indigenous perspectives and observations of environmental and climate change. With the Sila-Inuk project, hunters, fishermen, sheep-farmers and others were interviewed about their perception on a changing environment, with special focus on climate change. Ms. Holm has been a partner in ’SIKU: Knowing Our Ice’, an International Polar Year (IPY) project documenting Inuit sea-ice knowledge and use, and in ‘Polar Bears in Northwest Greenland, an interview survey about catch and climate. She was the Greenlandic coordinator for Siku-Inuit-Hila, an international, interdisciplinary project where hunters from Alaska, Canada and Qaanaaq, together with researchers in multiple fields were brought together in different regions of the Inuit territories to exchange knowledge on sea-ice and the life within it. A book based on this project was published in August 2013, and The Meaning of Ice: People and Sea Ice in Three Arctic Communities won the 2014 William Mills Prize for polar nonfiction.

Grete K. Hovelsrud
Research Director, Nordlandsforskning–Nordland Research Institute; Professor, University of Nordland, Bodø, Norway

Professor Grete K. Hovelsrud is an Arctic anthropologist with a PhD from Brandeis University. She is Professor of Environmental Sociology at Nord University, Research Professor at Nordland Research Institute in Bodø, and at CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research-Oslo, Norway. She is the Vice-President of the Norwegian Scientific Academy for Polar Research, Member of the Research Board, Division on Energy Resources and the Environment at the Research Council of Norway, and Lead Author of Arctic Human Development Report, Arctic Resilience Report, and Adaptive Actions for a Changing Arctic. She was a Lead Author and a Contributing Author to the IPCC Fifth Assessement Report (AR5), Member of the ICSU/WMO International Polar Year (IPY) 2007-2008 Joint Committee. Grete's work focuses on interdisciplinary studies on vulnerability and adaption to climate change, resilience and adaptive capacity of coupled social-ecological systems, and on the transformation of society in the context of climatic and societal change. With her background as an anthropologist with extensive fieldwork experience from many parts of the Arctic, she brings the need for a bottom up approach to studying societal transformation. She considers the local context as the critical starting point for understanding impacts, transitions and change, and continues to conduct fieldwork in Arctic communities in parallel with linking the results to national and international processes. She currently leads a number of major research projects taking place in the northern regions.

Yongsong Huang
Professor of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Brown University

Dr. Huang received his B.S. in Geochemistry from the University of Science and Technology of China in 1984, his M.S. in Analytical Chemistry from the Chengdu University of Science and Technology of China in 1987, a Ph.D. in Geochemistry from the Institute of Geochemistry/Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1990, and a Ph.D. in Environmental Organic Geochemistry from the University of Bristol, UK in 1997. Before coming to Brown, he worked as a Postdoc at Penn State and as a Guest Investigator at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. His research specializes in the development and application of organic isotope geochemistry and organic analytical chemistry to problems in the environment, paleoclimate, paleohydrology, and astrobiology. His goal is to create new approaches and apply these approaches to understanding mechanisms and solving prominent problems in continental climatic change, environmental response to climate change, analysis and separation of complex organic mixtures, and in astrobiology.

Noor Johnson
Senior Policy Advisor, Office of International Relations, Smithsonian Institution

A cultural anthropologist whose research focuses on knowledge production and environmental decision-making in the Arctic, Noor has examined Inuit knowledge and climate change policy in the eastern Canadian Arctic and in global policy forums. In collaboration with the Inuit Circumpolar Council and ELOKA, she developed www.arcticcbm.org, a metadatabase of circumpolar community-based monitoring initiatives. A Fulbright Arctic Initiative Scholar, her current work examines community participation and consultation in decision-making about Arctic offshore development. Prior to her Arctic research, Noor worked at the national service non-profit, City Year. She also spent a year in Sri Lanka as a Fulbright scholar studying conflict and development. She has a Ph.D. from McGill University (Cultural Anthropology), an M.A. from American University (Public Anthropology), and a B.A. from Brown University (Development Studies).

Susan A. Kaplan
Professor of Anthropology & Director of the Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center, Bowdoin College

Susan Kaplan is an Arctic anthropologist and archaeologist and a member of the Arctic Horizons advisory board. Her work covers three areas of northern research. She studies prehistoric and historic Inuit responses to environmental change and contact with the West using archaeology, ethnohistory, visual anthropology, and paleoenvironmental data. Most of that work has taken place in northern Labrador, Canada. She studies the history of Arctic exploration using many of the same investigative tools, and that work has taken her to Ellesmere Island, Labrador, and Newfoundland and into many archives. Finally, she studies material culture and uses museum collections to develop exhibitions for the public and to reach out to the northern communities from which artifacts were collected and photographs and films were taken.

Anna Kerttula
National Science Foundation

Anna Kerttula de Echave is a lifelong Alaskan, an anthropologist and is the Program Director of the Arctic Social Sciences Program at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). Her research has spanned three decades of fieldwork in the Arctic, during which she has covered a diverse range of research topics from land use patterns and subsistence economies to identity, household organization, and domestic violence. Her host populations have been equally diverse including the Yup’ik, Denai’ina, and the Siberian Yupik and Chukchi of Russia. She has also participated in archaeological research projects investigating prehistoric Athabaskan and Pacific Inuit sites. Her early research in the former Soviet Union culminated in the book, “Antler on the Sea: the Yupik and Chukchi of the Russian Far East,” published by Cornell University Press in 2000.

Over the last 14 years at NSF, under Anna’s guidance, the Arctic Social Sciences program has set standards for community participation in scientific research and currently the ASSP portfolio includes archaeology, ethnology, theoretical linguistics and language vitality documentation, community based participatory research, social psychology, social history, human geography, sociology, political science, economics, decolonizing methodology, indigenous science and knowledge, and interdisciplinary research. As Program Director, Anna has focused on ways to create partnerships between Arctic communities and academic researchers; from encouraging and funding Arctic Native researchers and organizations to a multitude of educational programs that give rural Arctic students science experience and promote their interests in the sciences.

In 2012, Anna served as the US Embassy Science Fellow to the US Embassy in Iceland. And in 2014 and 2016 taught a course on Arctic peoples for the Polar Law Program at the University of Akureyri, Iceland.

Anna became a member of the Social, Economic and Cultural Expert Group of the Sustainable Working Group of the Arctic Council during the Canadian Chairmanship and will continue as a member and the Co-Chair, along with Co Chair Liza Mack, for the duration of the U.S. Chairmanship.

Igor Krupnik
Curator of Arctic and Northern Ethnology, Head of Ethnology Division, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Igor Krupnik’s area of expertise includes modern cultures, ecological knowledge, and cultural heritage of the people of the Arctic; impacts of modern climate change on Arctic residents, their economies, and cultures. He has worked with Arctic indigenous communities, primarily with the Yup’ik and Iñupiat people in the Bering Strait Region on collaborative efforts in the documentation, publication, and sharing of cultural knowledge, and in opening archival and museum collections for community use in education and heritage preservation. Dr. Krupnik published and co-edited more than 20 books, collection volumes, catalogs, and community heritage sourcebooks, including many supporting the use of indigenous languages and ecological knowledge. He served on the Joint Steering Committee for the International Polar Year 2007–2008 (representing social sciences) and was instrumental in bringing the ecological knowledge and environmental observations of northern people to its program. Dr. Krupnik was the science curator for the Smithsonian exhibit Arctic: A Friend Acting Strangely (2006–2007) that addressed the impact of climate change on polar ecosystems and indigenous people.

Marlene Laruelle
Research Professor of International Affairs; Director, Central Asia Program; and Associate Director, Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies, Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University

Marlene Laruelle works on Russia and Central Asia and explores post-Soviet political, social and cultural changes through the prism of nationhood and nationalism. She has published three single-authored monographs, and two co-authored monographs, and has edited several collective volumes. She is the editor in chief of Central Asian Affairs and a member of the executive editorial board of Demokratizatsiya. The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization. She has been the Principal Investigator of several grants on Russian nationalism and political elites, on Russia’s strategies in the Arctic, and on Central Asia’s domestic and foreign policies. As director of the Central Asia Program she oversees about 30 events a year, monthly publications, and works on several programs of visiting fellows from Central Asia.

Genevieve LeMoine
Archaeologist and Curator/Registrar of the Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center, Bowdoin College

Dr. Genevieve LeMoine began working in the north as a University of Calgary graduate student in 1986, excavating Paleoeskimo sites on northern Devon Island. Since then she has worked at sites in the Mackenzie Delta, NWT; Little Cornwallis Island, Nunavut; Inglefield Land, northwestern Greenland; and northern Ellesmere Island, Nunavut; the last three as a principle investigator. Her research interests include skeletal technology, experimental archaeology, and women in prehistory. Her research has been funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the National Science Foundation, and the National Geographic Society. She has published the results of her research in a variety of academic journals and edited volumes and has curated exhibits on subjects ranging from climate change to Canadian Inuit art.

Stephen Loring
Museum Anthropologist and Arctic Archaeologist, Arctic Studies Center, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Dr. Stephen Loring was born and grew-up in Concord, Massachusetts where he was deeply influenced by the writings (and antiquarian pursuits) of Henry David Thoreau and by the vestiges of a "natural" New England landscape that had not yet completely succumbed to suburban sprawl. Between 1971 and 1976 he made a number of overland canoe trips to northern Quebec and Labrador that afforded him an opportunity to travel and visit with Cree, Innu, and Inuit families. He began archaeological and ethnohistorical research in Labrador in 1976 that led to an MA (1981) and PhD (1991) at the University of Massachusetts/Amherst. While at UMASS he initiated a statewide survey of avocational archaeologists in Vermont that contributed significantly to regional perspectives on early post-glacial adaptations and long-distance exchange and interaction connections that operated in the Far Northeast. Stephen Loring joined the Smithsonian’s Arctic Studies Center (ASC) in 1992 where, in addition to co-curating the museum’s Arctic and sub-Arctic anthropology collections, he participated in the early development of the Repatriation Office’s practice and policies pertaining to Alaskan and Aleutian collections. In addition to fieldwork in New England and the Quebec-Labrador peninsula he has conducted archaeological research in the central and western Aleutian Islands, Nunavik and the Alaskan Brooks Range. One consequence of over thirty years involvement with northern community members in general, and Innu and Inuit communities in Labrador specifically, has been the recognition of the horrific consequences attending the adoption of village life and the inequities of health and education programs in the North, a realization that has led to Loring’s engagement in a series of community archaeology programs. Such ASC outreach initiatives seek to situate and share knowledge about the past in descendant communities. “Ownership” of the past, the appropriateness of asserting scientific precedents over human remains, intellectual property rights, land-claim negotiations and repatriation are all aspects of the contemporary practice of archaeology that impact research at the Smithsonian. Loring is the co-author of Honoring Our Elders: A History of Eastern Arctic Archaeology (2002, Smithsonian Institution), Anguti’s Amulet (2005, Milbrook First Nation), The People at the End of the World: the Western Aleutians Project and the Archaeology of Shemya (2010, Alaska Anthropological Association), as well as numerous articles on museum anthropology, Labrador archaeology and ethnohistory, and the philosophy and practice of repatriation.

Amy Lauren Lovecraft
Professor of Political Science and affiliated faculty member, International Arctic Research Center and Arctic and Northern Studies Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks

In her research, Dr. Lovecraft explores power dynamics in social-ecological systems. In particular, how problems are defined and policies designed in light of climate change uncertainties are explored from transdisciplinary standpoints. Her scholarship has been published as book chapters and in journals such as Arctic, Marine Policy, The American Review of Canadian Studies, Polar Geography, Policy Studies Journal, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. She was co-editor of the transdisciplinary volume North by 2020: Perspectives on Alaska’s Changing Social-Ecological Systems (Autumn 2011) that developed from collaboration during the International Polar Year. Dr. Lovecraft has been a Dickey Fellow in Arctic Studies at Dartmouth College and a Fulbright Research Scholar in Norway at the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research (CICERO). She has served two terms as a member of the U.S. National Academies Polar Research Board and is the Associate Director of the North by 2020 Forum. Most recently, she is the Principle Investigator on a National Science Foundation grant (2013-2017) – Northern Alaska Scenarios Project (NASP). She is leading an interdisciplinary team of faculty and students working with resident experts in the Northwest Arctic and North Slope Boroughs on participatory scenarios focused on the question, “What is required for healthy sustainable communities in Arctic Alaska by 2040?”

Amanda Lynch
Sloan Lindemann and George Lindemann, Jr. Distinguished Professor of Environmental Studies; Professor of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences and Environment and Society; Director of the Brown Institute for Environment and Society, Brown University

​Amanda ​Lynch obtained her Ph.D. in ​Atmospheric Sciences from the University of Melbourne​ in 1993​​, with a focus on polar climate modeling.​ She also conducts research on ​climate policy​, environmental governance,​ and the role of Indigenous​ ​knowledges in adaptation​ to global change​.​ Amanda Lynch has published more than 100 articles, policy briefs, book chapters and books, and developed ​the first Arctic regional climate system model in 1993. ​She is Chief Editor of the journal Weather,​ ​Climate and Society, ​Vice Chair of the World Climate Research Programme Joint Science Committee​, a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society, and Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering.​ She won the Priestly Medal in 2008. Her favorite temperature is -20oC.

Christian Koch Madsen
Archaeologist and Curator, Greenland National Museum; Postdoctoral Researcher, National Museum of Denmark

Christian Koch Madsen’s primary research emphasis over the last around 10 years has been on the medieval Norse settlements in Greenland. However, his position at Greenland National Museum and involvement in other projects has stimulated a more general research interest in comparative arctic archaeology and history, a recurrent theme being the concept of “marginality”, its various connotations and repercussions. Through participation in the Arctic Horizons workshop, he hopes to add the perspective of Greenland research “from the inside” (very few researchers in a massive country) and add positively to the discussions of future research in Greenland, for instance on issues of how: To advance research in relevant areas of Greenland, where cultural and natural landscapes are rapidly disappearing or changing with unrecoverable loss of important information on arctic livelihood and adaptation over millennia. To encourage locally embedded research, i.e. research that is meaningful to and valued by local stakeholders, and may improve or inform local sustainable economies. To educate the public and new generations of researchers in Greenland by introducing them to the international research community.

Karen Mudar
Archaeologist, National Park Service

Karen Mudar is an archeologist with the National Park Service who has analyzed data from archeological sites in Thailand, the Philippines, Iran, 19th century Detroit, Michigan, and St. Lawrence Island, Alaska. Her work in the NPS focuses on policy and guidance development for protection of archeological resources and implementation of Federal cultural resource laws. At present, her concerns include stewardship of wilderness archeological resources, looting and vandalism, and implementation of ARPA and NHPA in national parks. Mudar is the author of the National Park Service Archeology Guide modules Permits for Archeological Investigations and Cultural Resources and Fire.

Embla Eir Oddsdottir
Director, Icelandic Arctic Cooperation Network

Embla Eir Oddsdóttir has experience in research, project management, and policy focused on issues of Arctic environmental governance, shipping and resource extraction, climate change, and resilience. In her current position, she leads IACN in facilitating cooperation amongst Icelandic public and private organizations in research, education, monitoring, innovation, and other activities related to the Arctic region. The IACN is a part of the Nordic Center of Excellence Arctic Climate Predictions: Pathways to Resilient, Sustainable Societies (ARCPATH). ARCPATH is funded by the Nordic Council and includes nine partners from Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Iceland - including the Stefansson Arctic Institute and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre (NERSC) - in addition to Canadian, Chinese, Russian and US partners. Embla has held leadership roles and directed projects at the Northern Research Forum, RANNIS (Icelandic Center for Research), and the Stefansson Arctic Institute, Iceland. She has also taught courses on northern issues at the University of Akureyri and Western Kentucky University. Her educational background is interdisciplinary, including socio-economic development, anthropology, cultural geography, international relations, international law and governance, indigenous studies, gender studies, rural development, political science, etc. Her current interests include a grounding in interdisciplinary, intercultural and multi-stakeholder research and projects, including factors of perception, translation and interpretation in cooperation. Current Arctic specific interests include issues of power, corporate and state behaviour, gender, climate change and life-sustaining ecological systems.

Aaron Presnall
Jefferson Institute

Aaron Presnall (Ph.D. University of Virginia) is president of the Jefferson Institute. He is a political economist specializing in issues of banking and telecommunications regulatory transition, and the evolving world of information and participatory politics. In addition to scholarly works and popular opinion pieces, he has written on the business and political environment of Europe for the Economist Intelligence Unit, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and numerous private and governmental organizations in Europe and the United States. Before joining the Jefferson Institute, he served with the EastWest Institute for seven years in Prague, then in Belgrade for three years as EastWest’s Regional Director of Southeast Europe.

Robert Preucel
Director of the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Professor of Anthropology, Brown University

Trained as an anthropological archaeologist, Robert Preucel is particularly interested in the relationships of archaeology and society. His fieldwork projects include the archaeology of a utopian community in Massachusetts (the Brook Farm Project) and a post Pueblo Revolt community in New Mexico (the Kotyiti Research Project). Robert Preucel received his doctorate from UCLA in 1988. He was a member of Jim Hill's Pajarito Archaeological Research Project. He received a Postdoc at SIU Carbondale in 1989 and organized a conference on the Processual/Postprocessual debate. In 1990, he took an Assistant Professor position at Harvard University. In 1995, he left Harvard for an Associate Professor position at the University of Pennsylvania. He was made Sally and Alvin V. Shoemaker Professor of Anthropology in 2009 and served as Chair of the Department (2009-2012) and Curator-in-charge of the American Section at University of Pennsylvania Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology (2010-2012). He came to Brown University in 2014 as Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology.

Jarkko Saarinen
Professor of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland; Distinguished Visiting Professor (Sustainability Management), University of Johannesburg, South Africa

Jarkko Saarinen’s research has broadly focused on tourism, communities and development in the Arctic and arid environments. More specifically his research interests include: sustainability and responsibility in tourism; tourism-community relations; adaptation to climate change; resilience to changing social and ecological environments; community-based natural resource management; and wilderness and conservation studies. His publications include books such as: Tourism and Change in the Polar Regions (2010, Routledge, co-edited with C. Michael Hall), Tourism and Millennium Development Goals (2013, Routledge, co-edited with Rogerson and Manwa) and Political Ecology and Tourism (2016, Routledge, co-edited with Sanjay Nepal). His goals for the Arctic Horizons workshop are broadly related to questions and challenges created by global change and how to join forces and integrate research with people and communities in the circumpolar region. More specifically he is interested in how the Arctic and remote communities perceive their transforming environment and how they cope with change, whether or not that change is negative or positive (in a short/long term and in different scales).

Jessica Shadian
Nansen Professor, University of Akureyri and Senior Researcher, Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, Trinity College, University of Toronto

Dr. Shadian currently holds the Nansen professorship (2015-2016) at the University of Akureyri, Iceland. She is also a Senior Researcher at the Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, Trinity College, University of Toronto. Shadian has spent the past 12 years as a researcher, professor, and consultant throughout the European and North American Arctic. Her field of research is the intersection between Arctic governance, law, and business development (with a specific focus on addressing the legal and governance complexities implicated with better accommodating indigenous groups and indigenous communities in the formal parameters of Arctic governance and policymaking). Dr. Shadian's most recent 2014 book entitled: The Politics of Arctic Sovereignty: Oil, Ice, and Inuit Governance (Routledge). She holds a PhD in Global Governance from the University of Delaware (2006). Shadian spent 2004-2005 at the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI), University of Cambridge, UK on an NSF award where she completed her dissertation before receiving a postdoctoral fellowship at the Barents Institute located on the Norwegian Arctic border with Russia. She then went on to become a Senior Researcher at the High North Center for Business and Governance, Nord University, Bodø, Norway before being awarded an Associate Professor and AIAS-Marie Curie COFUND Fellowship at the Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies (AIAS), Aarhus University Denmark. Shadian is also a co-coordinator of the Pan-Arctic Ph.D. Program in Arctic Extractive Industries and the books review editor for The Polar Journal.

Gerald Sider
Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, CUNY Graduate Center

My research focuses on the ordinary everyday lives of vulnerable peoples and their changing struggles. I am also concerned with how to do research that becomes helpful to the people I work for and with, never homogenizing them into one collectivity, but paying attention to the dynamics of local inequalities. In my research, which began in the 1960s, I have found it increasingly necessary and useful to put aside the major anthropological concepts, which reference a world far more coherent than that of many vulnerable peoples. I also increasingly put aside standard anthropological field research methods, seeking to develop ones that more reveal the silences and surprises in specific situations. I have worked, in 1967 – 68 with off reservation Native American sharecroppers [date]; with Newfoundland village fisher families, the most hard-pressed Euro-Canadian peoples in Canada [dates]; in Labrador on the high youth suicide, domestic violence, and substance abuse rates; and most recently in southern villages where African Americans are now both in local political control but facing widespread and severe unemployment. My current research focuses on the changing ways states produce inequalities, and how in this context vulnerable peoples address what I am calling the problem of tomorrow.

Michele Hayeur Smith
Research Associate, Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University

Michèle Hayeur Smith is an anthropological archaeologist with research interests in gender, textiles, dress, adornment and material culture studies. She has fieldwork experience in Iceland and North America. Her doctoral research, conducted on jewellery and dress from Viking Age Icelandic burials, looked at items of dress for clues about the projection of social and cultural identity. Her postdoctoral research addressed these same theoretical issues, but applied to Aboriginal populations along the Gulf of the St. Lawrence prior and after the contact period. This project was a part of the Great Lakes Research Alliance for the Study of Aboriginal Cultures (GRASAC), organized by Dr. Ruth Phillips at Carleton University. More recently she has returned to the North Atlantic and Iceland and is currently working on research projects examining gender and the production and circulation of textiles from the Viking Age to the early 19th century. NSF Arctic Social Sciences (Award no. 102316) Rags to Riches: an Archaeological Study of Gender and Textiles in Iceland AD875-AD1800 examined curated archaeological textiles collections from roughly 34 Icelandic sites and provided new insights into gender, textile production, and trade in and out of Iceland, weaving technologies through time, as well as dress practices throughout the medieval period. This project has hopefully brought women’s lives and women’s roles in the Icelandic economy, household organization, regional politics, and culture into the forefront. In 2013, she was awarded a second grant from the National Science Foundation (Award no. 1303898 ) Weaving Islands of Cloth: Gender, Textiles and Trade across the North Atlantic, from the Viking Age to the Early Modern Period to expand upon the previous grant and to undertake a comparative, 1000-year examination of textiles as primary evidence for women’s labor and roles in the Norse colonies that expanded from Scandinavia across the North Atlantic in the 9th century AD and developed, over the following millennium, into the modern nations of Scotland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Greenland.

Kevin Smith
Deputy Director & Chief Curator, Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University

Kevin Smith is a member of the Arctic Horizons Steering Committee and PI of the Brown workshop. After doing his graduate work at the University of Michigan, he became head of the Anthropology Division at the Buffalo Museum of Science and took on the roles of deputy director and chief curator for Brown University’s Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology in 2002. Kevin is an archaeologist interested in complex societies, state formation, law, and human ecology who has worked extensively in Alaska and on the Viking age and Early Medieval periods in Iceland, as well as on the archaeology of mobile hunter-gatherers in Scotland and throughout the continental United States. His Icelandic research has included work on Viking period iron-production and early medieval farming [funded by the National Geographic Society, American-Scandinavian Foundation, and Icelandic community funds]. Recent work funded by NSF’s Archaeology and Arctic Social Science programs has explored deforestation, fuel economy and trade during the Little Ice Age; the rise and transformation of a regional elite center, Gilsbakki, from the Viking Age to the 20th century; and the creation, use, and abandonment of Surtshellir, a subterranean Viking Age ritual complex located within a lava field formed during the first major volcanic eruption directly experienced by Northern Europeans. Additional projects currently underway focus on material culture from the Norse site at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland; mobility and lithic resource utilization in the North Atlantic; and the identification of scriptoria and their material culture in medieval Iceland and Norway. Two constant threads in his research lie in bridging disconnections between the scales of archaeological analysis and the realities of past social life and in the roles and responsibilities of archaeological researchers and their work to the communities whose heritage they explore, expose, and translate. His publications include numerous articles on the archaeology of early historic northern Atlantic societies and on inter-relationships between indigenous texts, oral history, and archaeological data.

Scott Stephenson
Assistant Professor of Geography, University of Connecticut

Scott Stephenson’s work lies at the intersection of environmental change and human economic and transport systems. He seeks to understand human-environment relationships through bridging methodological and philosophical divides between the social and physical sciences. His work explores future shipping scenarios for the Arctic in a context of climate change, with a focus on extractive resource economies, GHG and particulate emissions, international energy networks, and trans-border trade flows. As a geographer, he hopes to help orient future research toward greater emphasis on the spatial and multi-scalar dimensions of Arctic change. One of the key implications of climate change in the Arctic is that its impacts will be felt both locally and globally, involving complex feedbacks unique to the region and driven by global economics. He believes that new research on Arctic environments and societies will achieve its greatest relevance if framed in this multi-scalar perspective.

Simon Stephenson
Head, Arctic Sciences Directorate for Geosciences/Polar Programs

Simon N Stephenson was appointed Head of the Arctic Sciences Section in April 2006. The unitin NSF’s Geosciences Directorate, is responsible for a research investment of about $ 100 M annually. The disciplinary scope of the programs is broad, encompassing much of the natural and social sciences as they apply to Arctic science questions. This includes an innovative integrative Arctic System Science program. The main current driver is environmental change and its relationship to human activity in a regional and global context. Under his tenure new thrusts were begun, first to create an international Arctic Observing Network and secondly provide a robust cyberinfrastructure to serve Arctic research community. Mr. Stephenson is also credited with playing a significant role in revitalizing the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee in 2010, and its subsequent publication of the first truly interagency 5-year research plan in 2013. He has also played an influential role in developing the international Arctic research community. He is a member of the Forum of Arctic Research Operators, and served as chair of that body from 2003 to 2009. He also played an advisory role in the reorganization of the International Arctic Science Committee’s resulting in a more dynamic, “bottom-up”science body.

Prior to being appointed to lead the Arctic unit, Mr. Stephenson developed and then directed the new science support and logistics program in the Arctic, responding to a congressional call for action. He came to that position from having served in an equivalent role in the Antarctic for the United States Antarctic program (USAP).In that capacity he frequently served as the National Science Foundation’s representative in Antarctica, the senior operational leader of USAP, and on occasion the Senior US Representative in Antarctica. His programmatic responsibilities ensured that research teams had the necessary logistics support and resources to accomplish their research goals in the challenging polar environments.

Mr. Stephenson came to NSF from NASA and the British Antarctic Survey where he conducted research projects focused on the large ice streams of West Antarctica, studying their mass balance and dynamical behavior using a variety of techniques including classical surveying, ice-radar, and the interpretation of satellite imagery and altimetry. Results for that research are published in the peer-reviewed literature.

Mr. Stephenson has over 35 years of experience in polar research, both conducting his own research on glaciers and ice sheets and administering programs in the Arctic and Antarctic for the National Science Foundation. Mr. Stephenson obtained a BSc from the University of Liverpool in Geophysics and holds a Master of Philosophy in Glacier Geophysics from the Council for National Academic Awards, UK.

Siri Veland
Assistant Professor (Research), Institute at Brown for Environment and Society, Brown University

Siri' research concerns risk perception at the intersections of policy, science, and Indigenous knoweldges of global environmental change. Her work spans cross-cultural approaches to climate-related hazards in Australia, South East Asia, and in the Arctic. Her scholarship builds on postcolonial studies, Indigenous research, policy sciences, political ecology and concepts of geographic scale. She uses interdisciplinary tools through mapping technologies in combination with discourse and narrative analyses, with particular focus on discourses of vulnerability, resilience and risk. She is currently working with Norwegian and Greenland collaborators on a project examining the cultural, socioeconomic, and environmental drivers and outcomes of the potentially expanding petroleum sector in Arctic Alaska, Norway, and Greenland. Siri is a human geographer with a PhD from Macquarie University in Australia, an MSc from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, and a BEnvSc from Maquarie University.

Enrico Wensing
Research Faculty, George Mason University, Old Dominion University, and University of the Virgin Islands

Through his research, Enrico Wensing is seeking to implement a national core curriculum for civic engagement that combines transdisciplinary community-based research with integration and implementation science (I2S). He is researching civic engagement education that empowers young learners (P-20) to take effective and ethical action across contexts and cultures on the mounting social and environmental challenges of our time. He is focusing on research that characterizes, optimizes, and mobilizes competencies for civic engagement, interdisciplinary knowledge co-production, and transdisciplinary research collaboration. He would like to inform education policy to help transform the way young people across America learn. Starting September 2016, Dr. Wensing will be a Postdoctoral Visiting Scholar at the Department of Human Development, Teachers College, Columbia University. He is a cultural, educational, and social psychologist who is integrating these fields for action on community and global sustainability. He takes a bottom-up approach, linking academic service learning with community-based action research through university driven international collaboration networks. He needs top-down policy, however, to help enact necessary changes to education. His goal in this workshop is to address the needed transformation of education in the North to better serve Arctic youth and their communities.

Catherine West
Research Assistant Professor of Archaeology and Zooarchaeology Lab Director, Boston University

Catherine West received her PhD in Anthropology at the University of Washington 2009 and was a post-doctoral fellow at the Smithsonian Institution’s Natural History Museum. West uses zooarchaeological and stable isotope data to address the effects of Holocene climate change and human-animal interactions on prehistoric subsistence in coastal Alaska. Her research projects derive from contemporary concerns about the long-term effects of landscape change, invasive species introductions, and changing climate in northern regions. West’s current field projects include survey and excavation on Alaska’s Kodiak Island, Chirikof Island, and the Aleutian Islands. She is a member of the National Science Foundation's New Generation of Polar Researchers, and her work is funded by the National Geographic Society and the National Science Foundation.

Christopher Wolff
Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University at Albany, State University of New York; Research Associate, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution; Museum Research Associate, Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University

Christopher Wolff’s main research interest is in the interactions between northern prehistoric coastal peoples and their ecosystems. In particular, he is interested in examining the relationships between multiscalar ecological change and northern coastal hunter-gatherers. He believes that a better understanding of the dynamics of climate change, sea ice formation, the biogeography of marine and coastal resources, and past Arctic cultures, may have broader implications for modern conservation efforts and environmental policies. The geographic focus of his research has been on the Eastern Subarctic/Arctic coast of Canada, but he has research interests that span the North American Arctic, Subarctic, and adjacent regions, and the historical relationships between these regions. His goals within Arctic Horizons will be to try and create bridges between the historical sciences, like archaeology, and other fields to achieve a more holistic understanding of northern ecosystems and human roles within them. He also wants to work on ways we can raise the profile of science in the north and educate the public about how increasing our knowledge of its dynamic cultural and natural systems can improve our approach to many contemporary issues. It is his hope that this will include a strong indigenous contribution throughout these efforts.

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